Street Photography is the flow of photography, who prefer the subject (point of interest) in the public sphere (public places).
Public space in question is a street in broad terms, that means including all objects, the space around it, for example in cafes, malls, markets, parks, and so on. Point of interest (subject) which is in the public sphere can not be separated from the course, but other things that are often located in public spaces, such as events, objects (element), the weather, shadows, and so on. Street Photography is realized very differently and the art style is mostly a mixture of history and up-to-date elements. The goal of street photography is to capture scenes unaffected by the author of the work so as to show a natural story and subject. Story and subject are possibly the most important aspects of a good street shot.
According to Wikipedia: “Street photography is a genre of photography that features subjects in candid situations within public places and does not necessitate the presence of a street or even the urban environment. ‘Street’ simply refers to a place where human activity can be seen, a place to observe and capture social interaction. The subject can even be absent of any people and can be that of object or environment where an object projects a human character or an environment is decidedly human.”
Talking about history, it may be difficult when Street Photography is found, but the flow is starting to catch on when the cameras with 35mm film found (in about 1930), a camera that is small, lightweight, fast, and easy to carry anywhere. Since then Street Photography began to grow and popular. Further abstracts are given by:
- Joel Meyerowitz explains his (and also my) sympathy on street photography in this video “Everybody Street” 
- The London Street Photography Festival as “what-is-street-photography” 
- Andreas Herzau 2012 in his “Interview with seconds2real” 
Characteristic of Street photography:
Street photography is evolving into its own genre. Because, the target object are taken in a public space in the condition candid or without instruction.street photography has differences with photojournalism. Photojournalism focus is to capture the moment the peak or climax. While, street photography to record daily activities, something that is not controlled. So what are the differences Street Photography with general photography? Street photography is mostly driven by the following characteristics 
|un-staged||not posed nor planed or staged|
|public||people and their surroundings within the public domain|
|commonplace||the daily human life in its everyday oddness. The person portrayed is not displayed as an individual, but as an anonymous character of the situation “street” in general.|
|candid||candid moments of a split-second. The theme is everyday life that occur in public spaces, whether it is the behavior of people, the environment, conditions, weather, and so forth.|
|emotional||from tragic to humorous. Conditions / events that are not far-fetched, but spontaneity, but it could be a condition that the expected, or state / event coincidence (decisive moment).|
|mixed subjects||Portrait, Architecture, Landscape and Reportage|
Street Photography Tips
- Prioritizing and always respect privacy. we have to know when and where, should we take a picture, especially when it involves a person or group of people, to object. for example, do not take pictures in places such as restroom. Do not forget to ask permission, and say thank you.
- Would be easier if we use a camera that is compact and concise. If you want to use a DSLR camera, then use a 35mm lens or 50mm prime lens. lens size is quite normal and have a point of view that is similar to our eyes. Even today there are many street photography communities began using camera cellphone. If you are interested in using the cell phone camera then changing the camera settings in the HP into Sport with Auto Focus type.If Shutter cellphone camera can be converted into Multi-Shoot (Rapid Fire), try to use the Shutter setting.
- For the best lighting, the golden hours of just after sunrise and just before sunset are best, but those are hours most of us are rarely out and about in.Learned direction of sunlight, use of light and shadow are posed to generate unique photo effect as we want.
When the weather is sunny or cloudy day, each of which can generate the effects of different nuances and emotions.
- Take advantage of Instagram. Many photographers in this genre can be found there. please follow them, as reference material and increase your knowledge of photography.
- Think a like journalists. find something of interest among the things that sometimes seem unusual is the nature of journalism. The ability to be able to generate a photographic work that can talk and have a soul.
- Become invisible, not flashy and bisaberbaur with the surroundings without having to draw attention to, will allow you to move.
- You are free to break the rules of photography there. so do experiment and create new things.
- The hardest thing in the Street Photography is Tranquility in photographing and accuracy in selecting objects. This will greatly affect the results of our photo, either fulfillment Third Rules, Photo Themes, and others.
References:Street Photography by K. N