Knowing Immunization on Children
Knowing Immunization on Children – Although infants from the ages 0 to 4 months usually bring passive immunity obtained from the substance of their mother’s antibodies in the placenta, but still must be given immunizations to protect infants from dangerous diseases that can cause disability to death.
According to wikipedia immunization is immunization is the process by which an individual’s immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the immunogen). There are five types of mandatory immunizations given to children, are: the Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG), polio, measles, tetanus diftei pertussis (DTP) and hepatitis B. All five types of vaccine were given to prevent diseases that can cause disability and even children grow up to die.
Besides the five vaccinations over (which must be given), there are several types of vaccines are also recommended to be given to a child, the hemophilus influenzae type B (Hib), pneumococcal (PCV), influenza, measle mumps rubella (MMR), typhoid, hepatitis A, and varicella. Vaccination is best given from the time a child was a baby until the child’s growth, in accordance with their respective schedules.
The disease can be prevented by immunization
Immunization is given by way of entering into the body of a vaccine to stimulate the body’s immune system develop. Here are some types of diseases can be prevented by providing immunization:
- Pertussis (whooping cough) . The disease is caused by the pertussis bacteria and including infectious diseases.
- Tetanus. This disease usually enters the body through the germ from umbilical cord injuries or other injuries.
- Tuberculosis (TB). caused by TB germs and can be contagious.
To consider before making a child’s immunization
Before a child is given immunization, there are several conditions that must be observed by the parents.
Immunization should be postponed if the child:
- Children are experiencing fever with body temperature high enough.
- Children are taking high doses of prednisone
- Within the last three months of a child get a blood transfusion or injection immunoglobulin.
In essence, when immunization was given, the child should be in body condition that really fit and healthy. For only in such conditions the body to produce antibodies with better. Basically, immunization is the process of viruses or bacteria enter into the body to produce substances stimulate the body immunity against the virus or bacteria. When a child’s body in a weakened condition or illness, the body will work too hard causes the formation of immune disrupted.
So before making immunization parent must:
For the parent should consult their child’s health condition, associated with a history of illness or allergies prior to immunization.
Ask also what the reaction will occur in a child after being immunized, and what they should do about it.
Ask other types of immunization should or should also be given to their children, and when the time is right to do so.
Immunization side effects
Immunization generally provided will cause side effects, although it was not a direct result of vaccines given. The reaction can be:
- The effects of pharmacological
- Side effects from drug interactions, intolerance, and idiosyncrasy reaction.
- Allergic reactions
The most common thing that happens is the child will have a fever. But the parent does not need to worry because it is the body’s natural reaction, which showed that the body is working to produce immune substances.
- National Network for Immunization Information
- Centers for Disease Control National Immunization Program