Angelica Herbs (Angelica archangelica L. ) Angelica was used in Europe for hundreds of years as a cure for everything from the bubonic plague to indigestion. It is thought that adding it to a ritual bath will break spells and hexes and has often been used to ward off evil spirits in the home. Because it resembles celery in odor and appearance, angelica sometimes is known as wild celery. Angelica is also known as Dong-Quai, Dong-Quei, Archangelica Officinalis, Dang-Qui, Dong-Quai, Tang-Huei, and Garden Angelica. Alternative medicine practitioners say Angelica is a good herbal tea to take for colic, gas, indigestion, hepatitis, and heartburn. It is useful to add in remedies for afflictions of the respiratory system, as well as liver problems and digestive difficulties.
According to wikipedia : “Angelica is a genus of about 60 species of tall biennial and perennial herbs in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, reaching as far north as Iceland and Lapland and Greenland. They grow to 1–3 m (3 ft 3 in–9 ft 10 in) tall, with large bipinnate leaves and large compound umbels of white or greenish-white flowers.”
Scientific names: Angelica archangelica, synonymous with Archangelica officinalis.
Common names: Angelica also is known as European angelica, and Echt engelwurz (German).
Other Names: Alexanders, American Dong Qui, Archangel, Purple-stem Angelica, American Angelica, High Angelica, Wild Archangel, Wild Angelica, Masterwort.
Its name was derived from a monk’s dream in which St. Michael, the Archangel, appeared telling the monk what herb to use to help victims of the bubonic plague that was decimating Europe in 1665, (Grieve 36). When it was discovered that this herb was helpful in protecting and healing those that had the plague, the country side was very nearly stripped of the plant by peasants and nobility alike. Old chronicles report that anyone who kept a piece of angelica root in their mouth all through the day would be preserved from the plague. This herb blooms about May 8, (old calendar), St. Michael’s feast day, and is so named in his honor.
Angelica archangelica has been used widely and for long in folk medicine and is one of the most respected medicinal herbs in Nordic countries, where it has been cultivated during the middle ages and exported to other parts of Europe.
American Angelica: or Masterwort (A. atropurpurea, Linn.), also used in herbal medicine in North America, grows throughout the eastern United States. The root has a strong odor and a warm aromatic taste. The juice of the fresh root is acrid and said to be poisonous, but the acridity is dissipated by drying. The root, although lighter and less branched, is similar in appearance to that of A. Archangelica, with nearly allied constituents and properties, and the medicinal virtues of the whole plant are similar, hence, it has been employed as a substitute, but it is inferior to the European Angelica, being less aromatic. Wild Angelica: (A. sylvestris, Linn.), yields a yellow dye. The Angelica Tree of America (Xanthoxylum Americanum, Mill), the Prickly Ash, as it is more generally named, is not allied to the umbelliferous Angelicas. Its berries and bark are employed to prepare a tonic, which is used in the treatment of rheumatism and skin diseases.
Canda consists of the dried root of Angelica archangelica Linn. (Fam. Apiaceae), a tall perennial herb with a thick hollow stem, bearing large bipinnate leaves, and umbels of greenish-white flowers; found wild in the inner valleys of the Himalayas, namely, Kashmir, Chamba, Kullu, Pangi, Lahaul, and Kinnaur, at altitudes between 3200 and 4200 m. (India).
- The dried leaves, on account of their aromatic qualities, are used in the preparation of hop bitters.
- The stems and seeds for use in confectionery and flavouring and the preparation of liqueurs.
- The whole plant is aromatic, but the root only is official in the Swiss, Austrian and German Pharmacopoeias.
- Angelica roots should be dried rapidly and placed in air-tight receptacles. They will then retain their medicinal virtues for many years. The root should be dug up in the autumn of the first year, as it is then least liable to become mouldy and worm-eaten: it is very apt to be attacked by insects. Where very thick, the roots should be sliced longitudinally to quicken the drying process.
- A medicinal infusion made from stems, seeds,
- Angelica root contains vitamin B12, Zinc, Thiamine, Sucrose, Riboflavin, Potassium, Magnesium, Iron, Fructose, Glucose, and many other trace minerals. The main constituents of Angelica are volatile oils, valeric acid, angelic acid, angelicin, safrole, scopoletin, and linoleic acid.
- Stimulates appetite, carminative, expectorant, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, diuretic
- Angelica is a good herbal tea to take for colic, gas, indigestion, hepatitis, and heartburn.
- Promotes circulation and energy in the body.
- Angelica should not be used by pregnant women or diabetics.
- It is useful to add in remedies for afflictions of the respiratory system, as well as liver problems and digestive difficulties.
making it useful in the treatment of fevers, colds, coughs, flatulent colic and other stomach disorders.
- Anti-Spasmodic: This oil relieves spasms and gives relief from the painful symptoms. It is often used to stimulate the circulation in the pelvic region and to stimulate suppressed menstruation.
- Carminative: root is carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, sedative, stomachic and tonic. The relaxing effect of Angelica Oil is beneficial in driving out gas from the intestines as well, relaxes the intestinal and abdominal muscles and lets the gases pass through a downward motion. This gives immense relief from troubles related to excess gas, such as indigestion, stomach aches, headaches, cramps, flatulence, nausea, and high blood pressure.
- Depurative (purifies the blood): The Essential Oil of Angelica is considered a diuretic (promotes urination) and a diaphoretic (promotes sweating) and thus it speeds up the removal of toxins like uric acid and others. Relief from ailments associated with their accumulation, by lowers blood pressure and reduces fat (protecting your heart) along with giving relief from troubles like rheumatism, arthritis, gout, and renal calculi.
- Diaphoretic: Sweat may be the cause of annoyance for the majority of us, but it is actually one of the most beneficial things for your health. Sweating is the natural method for removing toxins and waste products from the body. Sweat is not just saline and foul-smelling water. Apart from the water and salts like sodium chloride and magnesium chloride, sweat also contains sebum, fats, uric acid, bile and other toxic elements that are not welcome in our body. Therefore, sweat performs the important task of disposing of them. Sweating helps to increase the potassium ratio in the blood, thereby reducing the blood pressure, lowering fat content, and decreasing weight. Furthermore, removing uric acid and other toxins can give relief from rheumatism and arthritis.
- Febrifuge: This essential oil is also capable of reducing fever by fighting the infections that cause the fever. The diaphoretic and diuretic properties of this oil also contribute to this effect, since the removal of toxins and waste from the body speeds up the recovery time of infections. Perspiration also helps to reduce fevers.
- Digestive: Promotes digestion by stimulating the secretion of digestive juices like acid and bile into the stomach. It also promotes the proper movement of food through the intestines and absorption of the digested food by intestinal villi.
- Diuretic: Angelica Essential Oil increases frequency and quantity of urination, which helps to remove excess water, salts, fat (urine contains up to 4% fat), and toxins like uric acid. This provides effective protection from the symptoms discussed above.
- Expectorant: Being an expectorant, it clears out the accumulation of phlegm in the respiratory tracts and also fights the infections that cause colds, thereby giving relief from cough, cold, sinusitis, and congestion in the lungs.
- Hepatic: The Essential Oil of Angelica gives good protection to the liver and makes it function well by stimulating secretions from that organ. It also protects the liver from infections and helps to heal wounds in it, if any are present.
- Emenagogue: Angelica oil also triggers the opening of obstructed menstruation and makes it more regular. As a bonus, one gets relief from the other symptoms associated with periods as well, such as headaches, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue.
- Nervine: It is effective in treating nervous afflictions and disorders and in strengthening the nerves. This, being a relaxant and a stimulant at the same time, sedates the nervous afflictions and relaxes them in cases of shock and hyper-reactivity, while also stimulating them in order to make us more active and alert.
- Relaxant: This oil has a relaxing effect on the body, the mind, and the nervous system. This becomes particularly beneficial in situations of shock, depression, anxiety, anger, and hypertension.
- Stomachic: It maintains the stomach in a good shape by maintaining the proper balance of acids and bile and by protecting it from infections. It also helps heal any sorts of wounds or ulcers that are present in the stomach.
- Stimulant: It stimulates blood circulation, the secretion of hormones, enzymes, and other juices, and also stimulates metabolic processes, including digestion, absorption, and excretion. This attribute, in total, stimulates healthy growth.
- Tonic: This oil promotes the all round development of health, boosts growth, and strengthens the immune system of the body.
- Angelica herbs has a tendency to increase the sugar in the urine. Do Not take angelica if you are have severe diabetes.
- The fresh root of Angelica is not edible, said to be poisonous. Avoid using angelica root concurrently with warfarin. Do not use while pregnant or breastfeeding without consulting your doctor. Documented adverse effects. Emmenagogue (to stimulate menstrual flow) effects.
- Furanocoumarins in the plant may cause photodermatitis.
- Angelica archangelica has been identified as a suspected carcinogen in recent years. This drug will render you sensitive to light. Use of angelica for a fairly long time, will cause contraindicate ultraviolet or tanning salon treatments as well as strong sunlight for the duration.
- Large doses can affect blood pressure, heart action, and respiration. To avoid these problems, do not exceed recommended dose.
- Poisoning has been reported with high doses of angelica oils.
- Anticoagulants: Angelica is a mild blood thinner and increases the risk of bleeding and bruising. Using Angelica with other anticoagulants may prolong bleeding Use caution when combining with ginkgo, ibuprofen, aspirin, and other NSAIDs.
- Tolbutamide: The use of Angelica may delay elimination of tolbutamide from the body, which may require dosage adjustment.
- Photosensitivity: Angelica may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. If you use angelica, wear sunblock when outside, especially if you are light-skinned.
Please Note: Angelica belongs to the Apiaceae Umbelliferae, a family with many poisonous members that can be mistaken for this medicinal plant. Wild angelica (Angelica Sylvestris) can be confused with European water hemlock, which is poisonous. Do Not collect angelica yourself under any circumstances! It is recommended that angelica not be harvested unless positively identified by a trained botanist, habitat being the same as for the poisonous varieties.
Angelica root typically is given at doses of 3 to 6 g/day of the crude root.
The young shoots are edible in salad or boiled as a pot herb. It has a sweet taste similar to celery. Angelica stems are often preserved with sugar for a sweet edible treat. To Preserve Angelica. Cut in pieces 4 inches long. Steep for 12 hours in salt and water. Put a layer of cabbage or cauliflower leaves in a clean brass pan, then a layer of Angelica, then another layer of leaves and so on, finishing with a layer of leaves on the top. Cover with water and vinegar. Boil slowly till the Angelica becomes quite green, then strain and weigh the stems. Allow 1 lb. loaf sugar to each pound of stems. Put the sugar in a clean pan with water to cover; boil 10 minutes and pour this syrup over the Angelica. Stand for 12 hours. Pour off the syrup, boil it up for 5 minutes and pour it again over the Angelica. Repeat the process, and after the Angelica has stood in the syrup 12 hours, put all on the fire in the brass pan and boil till tender. Then take out the pieces of Angelica, put them in a jar and pour the syrup over them, or dry them on a sieve and sprinkle them with sugar: they then form candy.
Candied Angelica Recipe
Harvest Angelica stems when young and tender. Root must be carefully dried and preserved for later herb use.
“Medicinal” herb tea: To 1 tsp. dried Angelica root add 1 cup boiling water steep 15 to 20 min. take throughout the day and at bedtime.
Health Benefits of Angelica Essential Oil
angelica herbs properties