The birth of a healthy baby would bring happiness to every family. Normal infant growth and health of a desire for every parent. But what if your baby has a growth disorder, or in medical terms is called with cerebral palsy? Here we will talk about cerebral palsy in infants.
Cerebral palsy definition
Cerebral palsy is a disorder control of motor function due to damage that occurs in the developing brain. The attack occurred in the motor cells in the central nervous system. This damage is chronic and progressive, or defects due to abnormalities in brain tissue that has not finished growing.
Cerebral palsy characterized by poor muscle control, stiffness, paralysis and other neurological dysfunction. Cerebral palsy disorders are known as the baby ages 3 – 6 months, when the baby is experiencing delays in development. Premature babies are vulnerable to cerebral palsy. likely due to the brain blood vessels that have not developed completely, so it is easy to bleed for failing stream or in the amount of oxygen to the brain comprehensive.
Classification of cerebral palsy
Classification of cerebral palsy is divided into three parts, namely:
Lightweight class. Patients are generally able to walk without using tools, talking firmly and can help themselves when get a problem. They can live normally, although with a disability, but does not interfere with activities and academic processes.
Middle type. Child who has cerebral palsy types are going to need special training to speak, walk and take care of themselves. These groups require special tools to help them move like a brace to hold the foot and stick to prop the body when walking.
Chronic type. Children with severe cerebral palsy disorders, requiring treatment in ambulation, speech, and help themselves. They can not live independently.
Cerebral palsy causes
Cause of cerebral palsy can be classified into three periods, namely:
Prenatal (before birth)
In this period cerebral palsy caused by infection or disease that attacks to a pregnant mother. And then this disease attacks attacked the baby’s brain in the womb.
Pernatal (at birth)
Cerebral palsy may result from a birthing process that is too long causes of mothers pelvis that is too narrow. These events can lead to babies deprived of oxygen, thus disturbing the metabolism in the infant’s brain.
Postnatal (after birth)
In this pereod, cerebral palsy may be caused by head trauma, or infection of bacterial meningitis, cerebral abscess, trombofebilitis, encephalomyelitis. Babies, who did not burst into tears at birth, have suspected.
Cerebral palsy symptoms
Delayed motor development. This can be seen from the reflection that should have gone but still there. Reflexes should have held off as the three-month-old baby. age at which babies usually start crawling or learning to sit, but it can not do it baby, and several other types of delays.
Cerebral palsy in child
Children who are stricken with cerebral palsy have multiple abnormalities called spastisitas (muscle stiffness), athethosis or a combination of both. spastisitas (muscle stiffness) case, the child will feel the stiffness and difficulty in moving. But actually they are not weak muscles. Some movements can be done with limited variation. These difficulties can hamper a child during the activity, difficulty in controlling herself when falling or when loss of balance. While the children with athethosis it will do too much movement. they will have difficulty in maintaining control of movement or posture.
As a precautionary measure cerebral palsy, we recommend that pregnant women are always doing maintenance of the pregnancy so the baby was not born prematurely. Monitor fetal weight and ensure pubic bone size big enough for a normal birth. If not then the fault should do surgery later in childbirth. Avoid the consumption of dangerous drugs, cigarettes and alcohol. and prevent any infection. Parents should always monitor the development of infants to age toddlers learn by child development guidelines in order to detect early, who knows no symptoms of disease development.
Cerebral palsy in children Medical rehabilitation
Until now there is no medicine that can cure cerebral palsy. But hope to optimize the ability of children with cerebral palsy and helping them to be more independent, can still be done. Cerebral palsy life expectancy is not bleak.
Different from other types of brain injury, cerebral palsy has a characteristic that is, the resulting abnormalities are permanent non-progressive. that will change toward improvement, although the process is quite slow.
A cerebral palsy treatment goal is to improve the ability of the child so that they can live, at least near normal. Team that handles therapy for patients with cerebral palsy should be conducted by a team of professionals working in the field. Team members can consist of neurological specialists, pediatricians, and orthopedic specialists. It also needs to be supported by physiotherapist, occupational therapists, speech therapists, psychologists and others.
Therapy given to cerebral palsy sufferer will be adjusted to the child’s age, weight, or at least type of disease suffered cerebral palsy, and depending on which part of the brain is impaired.
A type of cerebral palsy medical rehabilitation is the type of therapy is reserved for people with cerebral palsy which aims to improve the pattern of motion. Physical therapy (physiotherapy), occupational therapy and speech therapy are some types of therapy that included in medical rehabilitation.
In occupational therapy, the child will be trained for the behavior of everyday activities such as drinking, eating, dressing, or bathing. If successful, the child is expected to be more independent and less reliance on others.
Speech therapy aims to train the children communicate varied, depending on the level of language disturbance they surfer.
in rehabilitation therapy, is also equipped with behavior therapy guided by a psychologist. goal is to guide development of emotional and psychological of child. It is important to help them when facing difficult times, especially when they hit their teens later.
last treatment is drug therapy (medical). Usually the doctor will give medicine to people with cerebral palsy who accompanied the seizure in order to eliminate the seizures. Other drugs that may be given like a drug to control spatisitas (muscle stiffness) that is usually given in the framework of preparation for surgery. If frequent abnormal move will often be given drugs to control lo these abnormal movements.
Motivating and Inspiring Children with CP (www.personal.psu.edu) Cerebral Palsy in Infants by K. N