Aspartame has been marketed to the world as a sugar substitute and can be found on all types of soft drinks to diet. This can also be found on the product of artificial sweeteners. And widely used in food products and beverages as sugar substitutes. Aspartame is safe to be consumed, as long as we follow the Acceptable Daily Intake that has been defined, which is about 50 mg per kilogram of body weight per day. So for people with a weight 75 kg, was equivalent to 20 cans of diet drink per day.
However, the consumption of these substances turned out to randomly generate side effects that are harmful to health and affects the influence of antibodies. Aspartame is not safe for consumption by specific groups such as phenylketonuria patients, pregnant and lactating women, and children under five.
In phenylketonuria patients, their bodies can not produce the enzymes that process the amino acid phenylalanine in aspartame, which resulted in amino acid accumulation in the body fenialalanin patient and make kidney damage. In addition, levels of phenylalanine in the blood will increase poisoning in the body.
Phenylalanine and Pregnancy
However, it is not known if phenylalanine supplementation is safe for pregnant women. There are no reliable studies showing that such supplements are either safe or unsafe for use during pregnancy. It might seem logical to assume that phenylalanine supplements would be perfectly safe for pregnant women, since phenylalanine is an amino acid that is found naturally in many foods. But just because a normal dietary intake through food is safe, it cannot be assumed that using supplements medicinally is equally safe.
Aspartame Side Effects
There are approximately ninety side effects that can be caused by aspartame, such as:
- Visual impairment,
- Hearing loss,
- Heart problems,
- Interfere with immune body,
- Gain weight,
- Spots on the skin,
- Difficult breathing,
- Talk is not clear,
- Pain when swallowing food,
- And interference with the sense of taste.
In addition, aspartame can also cause psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, behavior change, phobia, and reduced memory. Chronic diseases that can be caused by excessive use of aspartame include: brain tumors, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, chronic fatigue syndrome, Parkinson, lupus, Alzheimer, mental disability, lymphoma, birth defects in children, and even diabetes, which is a disease that to be avoided by people who eat lots of foods or beverages that contain aspartame.