Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that is only experienced by men, particularly those aged 50 years and over. Male prostate gland which is shaped like beans that served to produce sperm. Gland is a place to live and a source of food for the sperm. Until now has not known for certain what causes the appearance of prostate cancer. But in general, approximately 70% due to the aging factor.
Androgen hormone is one type of hormone that is needed in the development of prostate cells, and the development toward benign prostate enlargement or prostate cancer. In addition, diet and genetic factors (presence or absence of families affected by prostate cancer) is also a risk factor.
A fatty food is closely linked to suspected prostate cancer. So that men are encouraged to consume more vegetables, fruits and fiber to reduce the risk of this type of cancer. Fruits such as watermelon, tomatoes, and wine are very good for preventing this disease. Besides garlic, broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower as well as vitamin E supplements are also highly recommended, especially for smokers.
Regarding prostate cancer, if it can be detected early, the likelihood of successful treatment will be high.
In the initial phase of this cancer did not show obvious symptoms, and difficult to detect, to spread throughout the prostate. Early detection of cancer can be done through examination of Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) or with Digital rectal Exam (DRE). Therapy used in each patient may differ, depending on the type suffered prostate cancer. Is limited to the organ (limited to the gland), continues locally, ie prostate tumors that is large enough, or is a widespread species (metastatic).
For cancer confined to the organ, or local prostate cancer, therapy that usually chosen are surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and combination of other treatments. Note that the therapy is only hinder and slow the growth of cancer cells, rather than to cure.
Hormonal Therapy for Prostate Cancer
Therapy advanced-stage prostate cancer typically uses hormonal therapy that aims to reduce testosterone levels in accordance with the kastrasi levels of less than 20 ng / dl (nanograms per deciliter). Hormonal therapy intended to prevent body producing male sex hormones, namely testosterone can stimulate development of prostate cancer cells. Hormonal therapy is often committed in advanced-stage cancer treatment to minimize the size of the cancer and slow the cancer cells development.
Testosterone is one hormone that is reduced when a man entered the andropause stage. As we all know testosterone is androgenic activity (giving effect to the reproductive organs) and anabolic (giving effect to the organ stomachic). That way, the decrease in testosterone levels will affect all related metabolism, such as bone, muscle, central nervous system, prostate, bone marrow and sexual function. Handling can be done in the operative (orchydectomy) or medical therapy.